Plant Profile: Bee Balm

We’ve written about bee balm (Monarda) on this blog before because, frankly, it’s such a star in the summer garden. It seems that every year during garden tour season, I spot stands of bee balm that just stop me in my tracks. This year has been no different. Check out this beautiful stand of bee balm spotted on the Hennepin County Master Gardeners Tour a week ago.

These bee balm plants were about 5 feet tall and stunning.

These bee balm plants were about 5 feet tall and stunning.

Bee balm is plant that’s native to a good portion of the United States and Canada and is very attractive to bees, butterflies and other pollinators. There are two dominant species of Monarda in the garden trade.

Monarda didyma is a red-flowered variety that’s native to Minnesota. This species can grow up to 6 feet tall, and because of the red flowers, it is very popular with hummingbirds. It’s 2 to 4-inch flowers have many tubular shaped petals. The cultivar ‘Jacob Cline’, which is resistant to powdery mildew, is widely planted.

Monarda fistula

Monarda fistulosa

The other common species of bee balm is Monarda fistulosa, another Minnesota native, which grows wild in dry, open fields and marshes. Its pink flowers make it a popular garden choice. One of its common names is wild bergamont, and its leaves have a minty scent. Sometimes they are used to make tea. The blooms on M. fistulosa look more fluffy than those on M. didyma and the plants grow 2 to 5 feet tall.

Both types of bee balm handle a variety of soil conditions, from dry to moist. The one complaint about bee balm is a tendency to develop powdery mildew in late summer. Some gardeners will plant a shorter plant in front of bee balm in their garden beds in order to hide the scraggly looking legs of bee balm. However, adequate drainage and good air circulation around plants will go a long way toward preventing powdery mildew.

If you are looking for a midsummer star that you and the pollinators will love, bee balm is a great option.


  1. KJ on July 20, 2015 at 1:06 pm


    Now that my beebalm is done blooming, should I dead head it? It has become a prolific spreader… and looks unsightly after it is done blooming… Thanks.

    • Mary Lahr Schier on July 23, 2015 at 10:19 am

      Deadheading is a good idea. It will improve the looks of the plant and may encourage re-bloom.

  2. Mary Merabella on August 5, 2015 at 7:58 pm

    This year I did not deadhead the bee balm. We’ve had a resident flock of goldfinches for several years and they are very fond of the seed heads! Granted they aren’t always perched on a spent bee balm, but I’ve enjoyed watching them scouting out their own feed – even though we have a feeder for them. When they don’t frequent the seed heads anymore, I’ll deadhead if they’ve eaten their fill.

  3. Leslie Hall on August 6, 2015 at 12:40 pm

    I dye fibers with natural dyes from botanicals. Monarda is a beautiful dye plant!

  4. […] particular species is not as commonly grown in gardens as are wild bergamot (M. fistulosa), scarlet beebalm (M. didyma) and various cultivars, but spotted beebalm offers the benefit of being more drought-tolerant. […]

  5. […] name says it all: bumble bees love bee balm. And we love bee balm, too, though perhaps for different reasons. The fragrance and the beauty of […]

  6. Gary WInget on July 2, 2022 at 2:00 am

    My bee balm keeps dying. I have had four plants, and they have all failed to thrive and then die.

    • MSHS on July 2, 2022 at 2:11 pm

      Hmm, were they in a sunny spot? They grow best in full sun and may do a little better with evenly moist soil. You might want to try adding organic matter, such as compost, to the soil to make sure the plants are getting nutrients they need to thrive. Don’t give up – bee balm really is a garden stunner!

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