We were hot. And, now we’re not. What’s a gardener to do in spring in our changeable northern climate when deciding when to plant vegetables. One option is to use soil temperature as your guide. There are several guides for when to plant, including using frost-free dates or using nature signs (phenology). Soil temperature is…

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If you start seeds indoors, you’ve probably read the phrase, “when the seedling has a set of true leaves….” or something to that effect. What are true leaves? When a seed germinates, it bursts out of its seed coat and sends up a stem. Some of these stems have one leaf (called a monocot) others…

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