PLANTS FOR OUTDOOR SOWING

Winter and spring sowing pro Michelle Mero Riedel shares her top vegetable, perennial and annual variety picks.

Cool Season Vegetables (cold crop)

Veggies that prefer temps 15 degrees cooler than warm season, and can endure short periods of frost. Best to sow early April.

  • Kale
  • Cabbage
  • Most lettuce
  • Peas
  • Potatoes (from seed)
  • Swiss chard
  • Broccoli
  • Radish
  • Brussel sprouts
  • Cauliflower
  • Carrots
  • Turnips

Warm Season Vegetables (tropical)

Veggies that prefer warm soil and higher temp. Best to sow mid to end of April.

  • Beans
  • Celery
  • Corn
  • Cucumbers
  • Eggplant
  • Okra
  • Peppers
  • Pumpkins
  • Squash
  • Tomatoes
  • Watermelon
  • Zucchini
  • Herbs

Root Vegetables

Veggies that grow under ground. Best to direct sow directly into ground.

  • Potatoes (regular and sweet)
  • Beets
  • Carrots
  • Turnips
  • Rutabagas
  • Horseradish
  • Radish

Perennials Frequently Sown From Seed

Best to sow February through March.

  • Lupines
  • Hollyhock
  • Dianthus
  • Poppy
  • Daisy
  • Coreopsis
  • Angelica Gigas (Korean Angelica)
  • Balloon Flower
  • Gaillardia
  • Rudbeckia
  • Lobelia
  • Butterfly Weed
  • Delphinium
  • Penstemon
  • Trollius
  • Heliopsis
  • Columbine
  • Silver Sage
  • Milkweed
  • Maltese Red Cross
  • Sea Holly
  • Coneflower
  • Trollius
  • Foxglove

Hardy Annuals

Best to sow the first three weeks of April.

  • Abronia umbellata (sand-verbena)
  • Adonis aestivalis (pheasant's eye)
  • Ageratum houstonianum (floss flower)
  • Agrostemma githago (corn cockle)
  • Alonsoa acutifolia (maskflower)
  • Amaranthus caudatus (love-lies-bleeding)
  • Amberboa moschata (sweet sultan)
  • Anagallis indica (blue pimpernel)
  • Anchusa (bugloss)
  • Alyssum maritimum (sweet alyssum)
  • Antirrhinum majus (snapdragons)
  • Argemone mexicana (prickly poppy)
  • Asperula azurea (woodruff)
  • Brachycome iberidifolia (swan river daisy)
  • Browallia demissa (bush violet)
  • Bupleurum rotundifolium (ox-eye daisy)
  • Calandrinia grandiflora (red-maids)
  • Calendula (pot marigold)
  • Callistephus (China aster)
  • Campanula (annual Canterbury bells)
  • Celosia (cockscomb)
  • Centaurea (cornflower)
  • Centranthus macrosiphon (valerian)
  • Chrysanthemum paludosum (mini-marguerite)
  • Clarkia elegans
  • Collinsia bicolor (Chinese-houses)
  • Collomia coccinea (mountain-trumpet)
  • Consolida ajacis (Larkspur)
  • Convolvulus (dwarf/bush morning glory)
  • Coreopsis tintoria (calliopsis)
  • Cosmos bipinnatus (tall cosmos)
  • Cosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos)
  • Crepis rubra (hawks-beard)
  • Cuphea ignea (fiery cuphea)
  • Cynoglossum (Chinese forget-me-not)
  • Datura species (thorn-apple)
  • Delphinium (larkspur)
  • Dianthus chinensis (China pinks)
  • Diascia barberm (twinspur)
  • Dicranostigma franchetianum (bright-yellow poppy)
  • Dimorphotheca aurantiaca (Cape marigold)
  • Dracocephalum moldavica (Moldavian dragonhead)
  • Echium creticurn (bugloss)
  • Emilia javanica (tassel flower)
  • Eschschlotzia californica (California poppy)
  • Fagopyrum esculentum (buckwheat)
  • Felicia bergeriana (kingfisher daisy)
  • Gaillardia pulchella (blanket flower)
  • Gilia (bird's-eye)
  • Godetia (fairyfan, farewell-to-spring)
  • Gypsophila (baby's breath)
  • Helianthus (sunflowers)
  • Helichrysum (strawflower)
  • Helipterum (paper daisy)
  • Hunnemannia fumariifolia (Mexican tulip poppy)
  • Iberis (candytuft)
  • Ionopsidium acaule (false diamond-flower)
  • Lathyrus odoratus (sweet peas)
  • Lavatera (annual mallow)
  • Leonorus (lion's paws)
  • Limnanthes douglasii (poached-egg plant)
  • Limonium sinuatum (statice)
  • Linaria bipartita (toadflax)
  • Linum (flax)
  • Lobularia (alyssum)
  • Lupinus (lupine)
  • Lychnis (catchfly)
  • Malcomia maritima (Virginian stock)
  • Malope trifida (malope)
  • Malva (mallow)
  • Matthiola bicornis (night-scented stock)
  • Myosotis dissitiflora (forget-me-not)
  • Nemesia strumosa (Cape jewels)
  • Nemophila (baby blue-eyes)
  • Nicandra (shoo-fly)
  • Nicotiana (flowering tobacco)
  • Nigella (love-in-the-mist)
  • Osteospermum (Star of the Veldt)
  • Papaver (poppy)
  • Petunia hybrida (petunias)
  • Phacelia (scorpion weed)
  • Phlox drummondii (drummon phlox)
  • Rehmannia angulata (Chinese foxgloves)
  • Reseda odorata (mignonette)
  • Rudbeckia bicolor (gloriosa daisy)
  • Salpiglossis sinuata (painted tongue)
  • Salvia splendens (scarlet sage)
  • Sanvitalia procumbens (creeping zinnia)
  • Saponaria vaccaria (soapwort)
  • Scabiosa (pincushion flower)
  • Schizanthus pinnatus (butterfly flower)
  • Senecio elegans (ragwort)
  • Silene armeria (none-so-pretty)
  • Specularia speculum (Venus' looking glass)
  • Thunbergia alata (clockvine)
  • Tithonia rotundifolia (Mexican sunflower)
  • Torenia fournieri (wishbone flower)
  • Trachymene caerulea (laceflower)
  • Tropaeolum (nasturtiums)
  • Ursinia anethoides (dill-leaf ursinia)
  • Vaccaria (cow soapwort)
  • Venidium fastuosum (Cape daisy)
  • Viola tricolor (pansy)
  • Viscaria (rose-of-heaven)
  • Xeranthemum (everlasting flower